February 12, 1809|
Hodgenville, Kentucky, U.S.
15 April 1865 (aged 56)|
Petersen House, Washington, D.C., U.S.
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States. Before becoming a politician he practiced law. He has been called "The Great Emancipator" for his Emancipation Proclamation, though the Proclamation did not outlaw slavery in the U.S., but only freed current slaves in specific areas.
According to Justin Deschamps, "Lincoln issued General Order 100 or the Leiber Code in 1863, granting himself emergency powers to rule over the war-torn nation as the first dictator of the United States. Those emergency powers have never been relinquished, which granted him (and every other president since then) the ability to issue decrees (Executive Orders) that have the full force of law."